sábado, 12 de novembro de 2011

The National Day of Black Consciousness and the Zombie, signed on November 20, can now be celebrated as a national holiday. The date has already been recognized and celebrated as a holiday in 225 cities in 11 states, including three capitals (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Cuiabá). The 20th of November was chosen because it was the date of death of black leader Zumbi dos Palmares (1655-1695), considered a hero of the anti-slavery resistance in the colonial period. Zumbi was the leader of the Quilombo dos Palmares, in Alagoas, the largest in Brazil's history, which lasted more than 60 years and reached the house, according to historians, about 20 000 people.Brazil has an immeasurable debt to the African peoples, who were captured and enslaved. Blacks were important for our development and culture. The mixing of our people is due to mixing of races between white and black Indians.

It is moving a project (PLS 520/03) authored by Senator Serys Slhessarenko (PT-MT), which is the date alluding to the National Day of Black Consciousness. In justification of the matter, Serys contends that its proposal seeks to create an opportunity for reflection on the prejudice that still exists in Brazilian society.ZOMBIE IMPORTANCE FOR THE HISTORY OF ALAGOAS AND BRASILBlack fugitive slave labor in sugar plantations of Pernambuco, founded in the Serra da Barriga the Quilombo of Palmares, the population continues to grow, to reach 30 000, for the slaves, Palmares is the Promised Land.Zumbi represents for Brazil, one of the great leaders of our history, simbololizando resistance and struggle against all forms of social injustices afflicting blacks. Torn from their land and enslaved. Their struggle also understood the freedom of worship, religion defended the practice of African culture in colonial Brazil. To commemorate his death was established the Day of Black Consciousness, which is celebrated throughout Brazil, on November 20.

Zumbi was born in the state of Alagoas in 1655 and even though free-born as a child was captured and handed over to a Catholic priest and received the baptism of Francis. He learned the Portuguese language and Catholic religion, coming to help the priest in the celebration of mass. At 15 years of age, Zombie returned to live in the Quilombo where free blacks lived, according to their culture, producing everything they needed to live.

The Quilombo dos Palmares was a free community formed by runaway slaves from the farms and was located in the Serra da Barriga, which currently is part of the town of Uniao dos Palmares, in Alagoas having reached a population of about thirty thousand inhabitants.In the year 1675, the Quilombo is attacked by Portuguese soldiers and help in the defense Zombie standing out as a great warrior. After a bloody battle, the Portuguese soldiers retreated and moved to the city of Recife. Three years later, the governor of the province of Pernambuco approaches the leader Ganga Zumba to try an agreement, at which zombie is placed against the proposed deal, why not allow the freedom of the Maroons, while blacks continue on the condition of the farms of slaves.

Zumbi became the leader of the Quilombo dos Palmares in 1680, with 25 years of age, leading the resistance against the government topas. During their "government" the community grows and strengthens, obtaining several victories against the Portuguese soldiers. The leader Zumbi, as well as courage, shows great skill in planning and organizing the Quilombo, as well as demonstrate experience and military knowledge.Zombie's career is ended in 1604 when the pioneer Domingos Jorge Velho and the Captain General Bernardo Vieira de Melo promote a major attack on the Quilombo dos Palmares Quilombo and headquarters is destroyed. Even wounded, Zumbi manages to escape, but is betrayed by an old companion and delivered to the troops of the trailblazerReporting Fernando Correia da Silva"... I see that in 1695, on the road to Penedo to Recife, is fastened an old maroon. Promise you life will point out the hiding place of Zumbi. And he points out. The pioneer André Furtado de Mendonça is who commands the siege, wins, holds and sticking Zumbi dos Palmares. It is the day November 20, 1695. The scout leads the head to Recife, the chime bells, holiday, Thanksgiving. "Thus ends the trajectory of Brazil's most famous black

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