domingo, 13 de novembro de 2011


In Brazil, slavery began with the production of sugar in the first half of the sixteenth century. The Portuguese brought black Africans to their colonies in Africa to use as labor, slave labor in the sugar mills in the Northeast. The Portuguese slave traders sold Africans as if they were goods in Brazil. The healthiest was worth double those weaker or older.In the sugar plantations and gold mines (from the eighteenth century), slaves were treated like animals. They worked from dawn to dusk, receiving only scraps of clothing and food of poor quality. They spent the night chained in slave quarters and were physically punished, and the flogging was the most common punishment in colonial Brazil.

They were forbidden to practice their religion of African origin or make your parties and African rituals. They had to follow the Catholic religion, imposed by the planters, but failed to erase their cultural roots. performed their hidden rituals, practiced their parties maintained their artistic performances and even developed a form of struggle: Capoeira was created by blacks. Black women also suffered much from slavery, while the plantation owners use this manpower, mainly for domestic work.Century Gold (XVIII) were able to purchase some slaves their freedom after acquiring the letter of manumission. Adding some "change" throughout life, could become free, but the bias of the corporate front doors for them


The slave quarters were used for housing the planters as a shelter for their slaves. Built with clay, wood, tile or straw were called by Nabuco as "the great black pigeon." They existed alongside slavery, ie, between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries.
In addition subdued, were also uncomfortable for the large number of people housed there. were forced to sleep on the floor - almost always dirt in some places, with straw. There are records of slave quarters that had bunks, planks of wood placed at about three feet from the ground. Despite the insecurity, men slept separated from women and children. Blacks slept chained.

Campaign and the Abolition of Slavery AbolitionistFrom the mid-nineteenth century slavery in Brazil came to be contested by England. Interested in expanding its consumer market in Brazil and abroad, Bill passed Law Aberdeen (1845), which prohibited the slave trade, giving the power to imprison and address of British ships of countries that made this practice.In 1850, Brazil approved Eusebio de Queiroz Law that ended the slave trade. On September 28, 1871 was approved the Law of Free Birth gave freedom to the children of slaves born after that date. And in 1885 the law was enacted to guarantee the Sexagema freedom to slaves over 60 years of age.                                                                     ABOLITION
Only in the late nineteenth century that slavery was banned worldwide. Here in Brazil, its abolition was in May 13, 1888 with the enactment of the Golden Law, made by Princess Elizabeth.


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